L'Alaska

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Data:21.05.2007
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Testo

-THE ALASKA-

-ALASKA IS ONE OF THE FIFTY-ONE STATES OF THE UNITED STATES.
-ALASKA HAS THE TALLEST MOUNTAIN IN THE COUNTRY, MT. McKINLEY AT 6,194 METERS, IT IS THE TALLEST MOUNTAIN IN NORTH AMERICA.
-ALASKA HAS THE FEWEST PEOPLE PER SQUARE KILOMETER, IT HAS THE MOST GLACIERS OF ANY STATE. THIS IS NOT SURPRISING, BECAUSE THERE ARE TWO GLACIERS EACH LARGER THAN STATE OF DELEWARE.
-ALASKA HAS THE LONGEST COSTLINE, WICH MAKES IT LONGER THAN THE COAST-LINE OF THE “LOWER” 48 STATES COMBINED.
-BETWEEN 13,000 AND 14,000 YEARS AGO THERE WAS A LAND CONNECTION BETWEEN ASIA AND NORTH AMERICA. KNOWN AS THE BERING LAND BRIDGE, THAT ALLOWED A GRADUAL MIGRATION OF PEOPLE TO THE AMERICAS THERE IS LIMITED PHYSICAL EVIDENCE OF MIGRATION, BECAUSE THE LAND BRIDGE IS NOW SUBMERGED UNDERWATER.
-THE NAME “NATIVE ALASKAN” IS USED TO COLLECTIVELY IDENTIFY THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLE OF ALASKA. SOME GROUPS HAD PERMANENT VILLAGES THOSE IN THE ALEUTIAN ISLANDS.
-THE ESKIMOS AND ALEUTIANS COMPRISE THE TWO LARGEST GROUPS OF NATIVE ALASKANS.
-THE FIRST EUROPEANS TO VISIT WERE SAILORS ON AN EXPEDITIONS FUNDED BY RUSSIAN. IN THE 1780s AND 1790s, RUSSIANS BEGAN SMALL COLONIES.
-THEIR PRINCIPAL INTEREST WAS FUR TRAPPING, RELATIONS WITH THE ALEUTIANS AND TLINGITS WERE NOT ALWAYS PEACEFUL, AND EVENTUALLY BRITISH, CANADIAN AND AMERICA COMPETITION DEVELOPED IN THE FUR TRADE.
-ALASKA WAS PURCHASED FROM RUSSIAN IN 1867 FOR $7.2 MILLION.
-NOW THE ALASKA IS STILL DEPENDENT ON INCOME GENERATED FROM FISHING, PETROLEUM AND THE EXTRACTION OF OTHER NATURAL RESOURCES, THE TOURISM INDUSTRY HAS GROWN TREMENDOUSLY IN RECENT YEARS.
-BECAUSE OF ITS MANY MOUNTAINS, RIVERS, AND ISLANDS AND ITS LONG AND HARSH WINTER, ALASKA HAS FEW ROADS. BECAUSE OF ITS NORTHERN LOCATION, ALASKA HAS BECOME AN INTERNATIONAL HUB FOR AIR CARGO.
-ALASKA HAS MORE PILOTS, AIRPLANES AND AIRPORTS PER CAPITA THAN THE REST OF THE UNITED STATES. THOSE AIRPORTS, INCLUDE LAKES WHERE SEAPLANES LAND AND TAKE OFF. THE STATE CAPITAL, JUNEAU, IS ACCESIBLE ONLY BY WATER OR AIR.
-THE ALASKA MARINE HIGHWAY WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1963 TO CARRY PASSENGERS AND VEHICLES ON WATER ROUTES. TWO FERRY SYSTEMS OPERATE YEAR-TOUR ON THE SOUTHERN COAST OF ALASKA, LINKING CITIES AND TOWNS ON THE MAINLAND AS WELL AS NUMEROUS ISLANDS.
-THE MOTTO OF ALASKA IS “NORTH TO THE FUTURE”. THE STATE LIVES UP TO THAT PROMISE IN SEVERAL WAYS.
-IT HAS ONE OF THE YOUNGEST POPULATION IN THE U.S., IT HAS ALSO ONE OF THE HIGHEST RATES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL GRADUATION IN THE COUNTRY. SECONDLY, THE STATE’S GOVERNMENT HAS A STRONG COMMITMENT TO THE WELL-BEING OF ITS CITIZENS.
-WITH RESPECT FOR THE OLD AND A WILLINGNESS TO EMBRACE THE NEW, ALASKA CAN OFFER A BRIGHT FUTURE TO ALL ITS PEOPLE AND IT CAN BECOME A GREAT AND POWERFUL STATE, IN A LOT OF YEARS.

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