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He was born in London in 1788 and lived in France for a period. He was educated in Cambridge. He was a reader of classics, especially poetry; he wrote and published his first work, Hours of Idleness that was strongly criticised. He made the Grand Tour in all the Mediterranean countries and started work on Child Harold’s Pilgrimage in which he told about his travel experiences. He published the first two cantos of Child Harold’s Pilgrimage, that were a success. He had a scandalous life: he had a relationship with his half-sister. He met Percy and Mary Shelley. He began the poem The prisoner of Chillon , finished the third canto of Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage and started Manfred. He moved to Venice and was fascinated by the Carbonari, a group of conspirators. He than joined other british radical exiles, such as Shelley, and published a political journal, The liberal. He joined Greeks in preparing a rivolt against Turks. He was made commander in chief, but didn’t live long enough to do any military action.
He covered different styles. He wrote two long narrative poems: Child Harold’s Pilgrimage and Don Juan, his masterpiece.

Byron is romantic in:
• His life: he came from an aristocratic family
• His worship of liberty and his rebellion against any form o oppression
• His exageration of passions and emotions
• His melancholy which led him to believe in his predestination to a life full of pains, sins, and sorrows
• His concept of nature: he has not a pantheistic view of nature, and he doesn’t find any extasy in it. He sees nature as a riflection of himself, that’s why he preferred to describe the wild part of it, for exemple storms, roaling oceans, high mountains.
• His byronic hero: it is a portrayd of himself, in fact he identifies with his heroes.

He was criticised and attacked by critics, but he was immensly popular in all the Europe. Tennyson, when Byron died, wrote: “the whole world darkned to me”, because Byron embodied the romantic spirit and the romantic man, trying to give him a face.



  1. barbara

    cerco la traduzione inglese del 1° carme di Catullo di Byron