Victorian Age

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This period goes from 1837 to 1901 when queen Victoria reigned.
In this period there are difficult condition for the working class, so the workers group together for the first protest and demonstration.
Only the people who living at south could vote, because they were land owners, but there was an immigration to north and law didn’t change.
The most important reforms were:
• the first reform bill (1832), where the middle class men could vote;
• the factory act (1833), where the hours of work of children were limited;
• the poor law (1834), that imposed the harsh workhouse on the poor;
• people’s charter (1839), that required the secret ballot, the payment for the parliament members and the universal male suffrage;
• the first mines act (1842), where the children under 10 and women were not allowed work in mines;
• repeal of corn laws (1846), because the bread was very expensive (because of potato shortage in 1842-1844 caused by draught);
• ten hours bill (1847), where children and women could work at most ten hours;
• the first public health act (1848),for better sanitation and housing;
• the second mines act (1850), that gave protection to workers in mines;
• the second reform bill (1867), where everybody could vote, but not miners, agricultural labourers and women;
• primary education compulsory (1867), where everybody could read and write;
• chimney sweeps act (1875), where the small children could not sent in the mine;
• the third reform act (1884), where also the agricultural labourers could vote.

In this period was diffused the imperialism (a movement that looked at the nation as the most important nation, that was entitled to conquered many others land); so Victoria conquered India, Transvaal, Rhodesia and South Africa and she was named Empress of India.