The Romans



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The Romans
43 A.D. – 409 A.D.

The Romans decided to invade Britain for two reasons. First the British Celts were aiding the Celts of Gaul against the Romans; then Britain was a very productive land. Julius Cesar invaded Britain in 55 B.C., but he did not succeed in conquering the country; a year later he invaded the island again, but though all opposition was crushed and Britain was left to itself.
In the years 43 – 47 A.D. Claudius succeeded in establishing a Roman – British culture across the southern half of Britain. They introduced their civilization and language; the name Britain comes Pretani. However Latin almost completely disappeared when the Anglo – Saxons invaded Britain.
Britain’s towns were the basis of Roman administration and civilisation. There were three different kinds of towns.
1) The coloniae, peopled by Roman settlers;
2) The municipia, where the inhabitants were given Roman citizenship;
3) The civitates, which were the old Celtic tribal capitals.
Emperor Hadrian ordered the building of a wall to mark the border between the two later countries, England and Scotland.
Emperor Honorius withdrawed his soldiers to defend Rome against Barbarian raiders.