Iberians and Celts

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18 ottobre 2005
The Iberians and Celts
200 b.C. The Iberians were the first population who settled in Great Britain.
They lived in shacks. they lived with cattle.
They discovered how to weave cloth. They also made vessels made of
earthenware.
They heap up the great burial mounds (or barrows).
They built great stone circle, probably for the worship of their gods.
They were dark and not tall.
Other people from the country came over and brought new tools (instruments), made of materials like gold, tin and copper.
Somebody discovered they could mix tin and copper, so the tools became harder. Then the knowledge spread and the people learnt about it.
700-600 b.C. The Celts arrived from north west Germany.
It was a population we could find in Europe for several century.
They were taller, bigger and fairer than the Iberians.
They were able to smelt and forge iron.
They spread and settled down.
They intermarried with the Iberians, so the distinction between the two races
disappeared (to fade out).
Then, some centuries after the Celts came over, arrived the Britons (in part Celts) from all the Europe.
They loved beauty and they decorated their pottery with designs.
150 b.C. There was a third big immigration: came over people from Belgic lands.
They were not real Celts, but they brought the iron ox plough. So they could
turn the soil in furrows, so became easier to cultivate lands.
Another new idea was organize religion worship: they had professional priests:
the Druids.
The Druids were teachers and judges. They claimed to be able to foretell the
future and to word off disasters.
In the Great Britain arrived voices about a great population: the Romans who controlled a big part of the south of Europe.
Vocaboli:
To settle → insediarsi
Shacks → capanne
Cattle → bestiame
To weave → tessere
Cloth → tessuto
Vessel → contenitore
Earthenware → argilla
Heap up → elevare
Burial mounds → cumuli funerari
Worship → adorazione
Tool → attrezzo
Tin → stagno
Copper → rame
To spread → diffondere
Fairer → più belli
Smelt → fondere
Pottery → stoviglie di terra cotta
Iron ox plough → aratro
Furrow → solco
Priest → prete
To claim → ritenere, sostenere
To foretell → prevedere
To word off → respingere

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